How alcohol impact varies based on disease rates.
While alcohol can contribute to various health problems, such as liver cirrhosis, breast cancer, tuberculosis, and injuries, some studies suggest that small amounts of alcohol may lower the risk of heart disease and type 2 diabetes. However, different studies have given mixed results, and determining how much people actually drink and dealing with biases is challenging. Additionally, not many studies have considered how alcohol use and health may be affected by the background rates of disease in different regions. Researchers in a new study aimed to estimate the levels of alcohol consumption that minimize health loss while considering these regional differences in disease rates.